Vitamins, especially vitamin C and the B complex, facilitate most of the metabolic pathways that diabetic subjects use and must be a liberal part of any nutritional supplement. A single paper on one B complex constituent, biotin, in doses 100 times greater than you get in a good multivitamin pill, looked very promising.
Other promising nutrients to help the diabetic are coenzyme Q,0, pyridoxine alpha ketoglutarate (PAK), and the essential fatty acids, GLA and EPA. (You can learn more about these in Dr. Atkins Health Revolution.)
The newest nutritional concept for diabetes management may prove to be the use of selenium plus vanadyl sulfate.
It is too early to tell whether they are safe in effective doses. They were effective in animal studies done by J. H. McNeill in Vancouver University of British Columbia, but the doses were greater than those used in human trials.9 However, I do recommend 200 300 meg of selenium daily for adult diabetics.
And although my mind does not readily run along the lines of prescribing pharmaceuticals, particularly those with a known risk, I can’t help but be fascinated by the mechanism of action of the biguanides, which control blood sugar, while lowering the elevated insulin levels. This is what the obese diabetic and prediabetic wants to accomplish. The biguanide metformin has recently become available in the U.S. and Canada under the name Glucophage. Ask your doctor about its pros and cons.